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Review Article |

Efficacy of Iron-Fortification in Complementary Feeding for Prevention of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children of Bangladesh

Iron deficiency anemia is a worldwide public health issue, and the best cost-effective prophylactic technique is to fortify foods with iron. The right mix of iron form and food carrier, as well as the dietary context in which it is consumed, are critical. It raises the chances of preterm birth and a low birth weight baby. IDA slows development affects cognitive function and lowers physical activity in youngsters. It also increases the risk of death and morbidity in women. Dietary iron requirement, socioeconomic level, and illness condition are all important considerations. Disease management methods, dietary variety, supplementation, and iron fortification in food have all been used to combat IDA. Iron fortification of food is now thought of as a long-term and sustainable option. For a fortification program to be successful, the combination of iron fortificants and food vehicles must be secure, well-tolerated, and consumed by the target population. Additionally, it shouldn't have a detrimental effect on the stability and acceptability of the final product. This article provides a comprehensive summary of the current state of iron deficiency in women and children in Bangladesh. This research also discusses the efficacy and current issues with existing intervention strategies. Interventions to prevent iron deficiency should take precedence in high-risk groups. However, there is a risk of negative side effects, and the long-term benefits are questionable. Although significant progress has been achieved and a variety of methodologies and treatments are being supported, significant issues including coverage, quality, and compliance still exist. The results show that iron deficiency and anemia continue to be major problems in Bangladesh, despite the fact that current intervention programs have had some success in addressing severe deficiencies. More well-integrated strategies are required to support present therapeutic initiatives. New treatment and prevention strategies for specific iron deficiencies and anemia are also offered.

Iron Deficiency, Complementary Feeding, Anemia, Bioavailability, Management

APA Style

Chowdhury Arzu, M., Azim, A., Shahab Uddin, M., Das, D., Islam, S., et al. (2023). Efficacy of Iron-Fortification in Complementary Feeding for Prevention of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children of Bangladesh. American Journal of Health Research, 11(6), 149-157.

ACS Style

Chowdhury Arzu, M.; Azim, A.; Shahab Uddin, M.; Das, D.; Islam, S., et al. Efficacy of Iron-Fortification in Complementary Feeding for Prevention of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children of Bangladesh. Am. J. Health Res. 2023, 11(6), 149-157. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20231106.11

AMA Style

Chowdhury Arzu M, Azim A, Shahab Uddin M, Das D, Islam S, et al. Efficacy of Iron-Fortification in Complementary Feeding for Prevention of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children of Bangladesh. Am J Health Res. 2023;11(6):149-157. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20231106.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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