Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Page: 33-42
Clustering of Metabolic Syndrome and its Risk Factors among Adult Nigerians in a National Health Insurance Scheme Primary Care Clinic of a Tertiary Hospital in South-Eastern Nigeria
Gabriel Uche Pascal Iloh, Department of Family Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria
Orji Udo Nnorom, Department of Family Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria
Patrick Uchenna Njoku, Department of Family Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria
Godwin Oguejiofor Chukwuebuka Okafor, Department of Community Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria
Augustine Obiora Ikwudinma, Department of Family Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital Abakiliki, Nigeria
Received: Jan. 26, 2014;       Published: Mar. 10, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20140202.11      View  3136      Downloads  170
Background: The increasing incidence of MetS in Nigeria is a national health problem. As the case detection of MetS increases in different Nigerian populations evaluating for its clusters among NHIS patients in primary care setting is an important health service challenge that is often overlooked. Aim: This study was designed to determine the prevalence of MetS and its risk factors among adult Nigerians in a NHIS primary care clinic of a tertiary hospital in South-eastern Nigeria.Materials and Methods: This was a primary care clinic-based cross sectional study carried out on 210 adult NHIS patients using International Diabetes Federation(IDF) criteria: An Individual was considered to have MetS in the presence of waist circumference(WC) ≥94 cm for men and ≥80 cm for women plus any two or more of the following: systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥130/85 mmHg and/or hypertension on treatment; fasting blood glucose ≥ 100mg/dL and/or diabetes mellitus on treatment; triglyceride level ≥150 mg/dL and/or hypertriglyceridaemia on treatment and high density lipoprotein(HDL-C) cholesterol <40mg/dL for men or <50 mg/dL for women and/or HDL-C dyslipidaemia on treatment. Data was collected using pretested, structured and researcher administered questionnaire. Results: The prevalence of MetS was 38.6%. MetS was significantly associated with old age≥40 years(p=.002), female sex(p=.044), family history of hypertension(p=.036) and physical inactivity(p=.001). The most significant predictor of MetS was physical inactivity.[OR=3.09 , CI=(1.81-10.06), p=.001]. The patients with MetS were three times more likely to be physically inactive compared to their non-MetS counterparts. Conclusion: This study has shown that MetS exist among the study population and was significantly associated with old age ≥40 years, female sex, family history of hypertension and physical inactivity. The most significant predictor variable was physical inactivity. NHIS patients in the primary care clinic should be the focus of primary and secondary preventive interventions for MetS.
Adult Nigerians, Mets, NHIS, Prevalence, Primary Care Clinic, Risk Factors
To cite this article
Gabriel Uche Pascal Iloh, Orji Udo Nnorom, Patrick Uchenna Njoku, Godwin Oguejiofor Chukwuebuka Okafor, Augustine Obiora Ikwudinma, Clustering of Metabolic Syndrome and its Risk Factors among Adult Nigerians in a National Health Insurance Scheme Primary Care Clinic of a Tertiary Hospital in South-Eastern Nigeria, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2014, pp. 33-42. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20140202.11
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