Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014, Page: 334-337
Application of Simple Risk Level Estimator to Assess the Fire Risk in Trade Zone of Nyarugenge
Theoneste Ntakirutimana, University of Rwanda, College of Medicine and Health sciences, School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, P.O.Box:3286, Kigali, Rwanda
Rubuga Kitema Felix, University of Rwanda, College of Medicine and Health sciences, School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, P.O.Box:3286, Kigali, Rwanda
Serge Bakire, University of Rwanda, College of Medicine and Health sciences, School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, P.O.Box:3286, Kigali, Rwanda
Wilma Uhorakeye, University of Rwanda, College of Medicine and Health sciences, School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, P.O.Box:3286, Kigali, Rwanda
Donat Tuyihimbaze, University of Rwanda, College of Medicine and Health sciences, School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, P.O.Box:3286, Kigali, Rwanda
Osman Ngarukiyintwari, University of Rwanda, College of Medicine and Health sciences, School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, P.O.Box:3286, Kigali, Rwanda
Received: Sep. 30, 2014;       Accepted: Oct. 11, 2014;       Published: Oct. 30, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20140206.12      View  2894      Downloads  151
Abstract
A fire risk assessment helps in determining the chances of a fire to occur and the dangers resulted from fire outbreak. Analysing the activities undertaken within the premises; the potential harm of the fire it could cause to the people in, and around the premises is an important issue. The aim of this study was to assess the risk and consequences of a fire outbreak in the trade zone of Nyarugenge. A cross sectional and quantitative methods were used in this study. Fire hazards resulting from readily combustible or highly flammable materials, sources of heat, and people at risk were studied. The likelihood that a fire will occur and the consequences of such a fire on the people in trade zone of Nyarugenge were analysed using a Simple Risk level Estimator. Based on the analysis, 92.71% of the premises had no firefighting equipments in the trade zone 83.33 % of the premises had non-inspected electrical installation and none of them had smoke alarm or heat detectors. Smokers’ materials ranked the highest source of ignition 26% followed by lighting equipments 19%, Cooking Equipment Ranked the third13% followed by Naked flame and misused electrical equipment 12%. The results of the study indicated that the likelihood of a fire in the trade zone of Nyarugenge was high and has significant potential for serious injury or death to occupants.
Keywords
Fire Risk, Nyarugenge Trade Zone, Likelihood of Fire, Simple Risk Estimator
To cite this article
Theoneste Ntakirutimana, Rubuga Kitema Felix, Serge Bakire, Wilma Uhorakeye, Donat Tuyihimbaze, Osman Ngarukiyintwari, Application of Simple Risk Level Estimator to Assess the Fire Risk in Trade Zone of Nyarugenge, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2014, pp. 334-337. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20140206.12
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