Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014, Page: 344-349
Khat Chewing and Self Rated Oral Health Out Comes in Bahir Dar, North West Ethiopia
Muluken Walle, Medical physiology, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Received: Sep. 26, 2014;       Accepted: Oct. 18, 2014;       Published: Oct. 30, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20140206.14      View  2504      Downloads  173
Introduction: Khat, Catha edulis, is a plant where its fresh leaves and buds are consumed due to its stimulant ingredient, cathinone. It is found in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Yemen. Bahir Dar is a city in the north western Ethiopia where three percent of Ethiopia’s total production of khat is originated. So far there is one community based study that has been done in Bahir Dar city on the effect of khat chewing on self rated general health problems. This study was conducted specifically to examine the association of khat chewing behavior on self rated oral health problem among male khat chewers.Objective: The main aim of this study is to determine effects of khat chewing behaviors (onset, frequency and amount of khat chewing) on self rated oral health status among khat chewers. Methods: In this study, a cross-sectional, sellers to sellers survey on the representative sample of 422 male subjects, aged ≥ 16 years, was conducted in Bahir Dar, North western Ethiopia from January to September 2013. Data were collected after khat chewing. Study individuals were selected using systematic random sampling technique and data were collected using self-administered questionnaire. Data analysis was made using SPSS version 16.0 for windows package. Results: A total of 422 male khat chewers were included in study, 422 respond to the questioners, giving a response rate of 100%. The study found that the mean age of participants with standard deviation was 30.31 ± 1.39 years old. Sixty two percent of participants reported oral health problems. Of the 262 self-reported oral problems; 78.6% had dental decay or tooth discolouration, 21.4% gum problems (inflammation, bleeding). Those who started khat chewing at early age(7-15yrs) was found to be associated significantly with self rated oral health problem (AOR: 2.85, CI 95%:1.26-6.45) and P≤0.04. With regard to frequency of khat chewing; frequent khat chewers(≥ 3days) were 7.58 times more likely to be affected by self rated oral health problem compared to those who chewed less frequently (AOR:7.58,95%CI:3.53-16.27). Chewers who chewed 51gm-100gm and ≤ 100gm per session are 1.95 and 4.33 times more likely to be affected by oral health problem compared to those who chewed 25gm-50gm per session and amount of khat chewed per session were found to be significantly associated with self rated oral health (AOR: 1.95, 95%CI: 1.16-3.30), (AOR: 4.33, 95%CI: 2.49-7.53) respectively. Conclusion: There is significant association between Chat chewing behaviors (amounts of khat chewed during khat session, frequency of khat chewing, the level of age khat chewing started) and self rated oral health problem.
Khat Chewing, Bahir Dar City, Self Rated Oral Health Out Comes, Amount and Frequency of Khat Chewing
To cite this article
Muluken Walle, Khat Chewing and Self Rated Oral Health Out Comes in Bahir Dar, North West Ethiopia, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2014, pp. 344-349. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20140206.14
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