Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2015, Page: 213-220
Assessment of the HIV Infection Prevention Methods Preference and Its Associated Factors Among Debre Birhan University Students
Addis Adera, Department of Nursing, Faculty of health Sciences, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia
Yonas Yimam, Department of Nursing, Faculty of health Sciences, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia
Kenean Getaneh, Department of Nursing, Faculty of health Sciences, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia
Tefera Mulugeta, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Debre Birhan University, Debre Birhan, Ethiopia
Mullu Hailu, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Debre Birhan University, Debre Birhan, Ethiopia
Ambachew Woreta, Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural and Computational Sciences, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia
Markos Kidane, Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and Economics, Unity University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: May 27, 2015;       Accepted: Jun. 1, 2015;       Published: Jun. 15, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20150304.13      View  4261      Downloads  73
Abstract
Background: Significant proportions of the youth including university and college students are at high risk of HIV infection despite high level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS. In adolescents and youth population, HIV prevention will be relatively easy when strategies are designed to be in compatible with their desire. Currently, attention has been focused on the promotion of the “ABCs” of HIV prevention (being abstinent, remaining faithful to one sexual partner, and using condoms consistently during sexual intercourse).Objective: To assess the HIV infection prevention method preference and its association factors among Debre Birhan University Students. Method: Using an Institutional crossectional descriptive study was carried out by administering pre-tested self-administered questionnaires for selected students those included in the study by stratified sampling followed by simple random sampling. The data was collected from May 3–6/2013 from 390 regular students of Debre Berhan University. There were five data collector and one coordinator during the data collection. After data collection, the data was checked for its completeness, descriptive frequency tables were constructed and also some associations between variables were analyzed by chi-squared test and crude odds ratio. Lastly, conclusion and recommendation were forwarded based on the result. Result: From the total 390 respondents who were attended their study in Debre Berhan University, 195(50%) of them were preferred to be abstain from sex followed by 117(30%) be faithful to one sexual partner and 78(20%) used condom properly and consistently. 190(48.72%) of the total respondents reported that Abstinence as the safest prevention method for university and higher institute followed by Condom use 133(34.1%) and Be faithful and 67(17.18%). The respondents were also forwarded their opinion about the most widely used prevention method in this university. According to this, Condom use was reported by 307(78.72%), Abstinence 47(12.05%) and be faithful 36(9.22%). Being female, not engaging on watching pornographic movies and gaining relatively low amount of pocket money (income) per month were highly associated with to be abstaining from sex. Conclusion: Half of students in Debre Berhan University were preferred to use Abstinence from sex in order to protect themselves from HIV/AIDS infection. Despite around half of the respondent was agreed that abstinence is the safest prevention method for university and higher educational institutes’ students, majority of the total respondents reported that condom use was widely applicable in the campus.
Keywords
HIV, Infection Prevention Method, Preference, HIV Infection Associated Factors
To cite this article
Addis Adera, Yonas Yimam, Kenean Getaneh, Tefera Mulugeta, Mullu Hailu, Ambachew Woreta, Markos Kidane, Assessment of the HIV Infection Prevention Methods Preference and Its Associated Factors Among Debre Birhan University Students, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2015, pp. 213-220. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20150304.13
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