Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2015, Page: 221-231
Assessment of Male Partner’s Involvement in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV and Associated Factors Among Males in PMTCT Services
Addis Adera, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Woldia University, North Wollo, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Mesfin Wudu, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Woldia University, North Wollo, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Yonas Yimam, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Woldia University, North Wollo, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Markos Kidane, Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and Economics, Unity University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Ambachew Woreta, Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural and Computational Sciences, Woldia University, North Wollo, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Tigabu Molla, Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and Economics, Woldia University, North Wollo, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Received: May 23, 2015;       Accepted: Jun. 1, 2015;       Published: Jun. 16, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20150304.14      View  4455      Downloads  148
Abstract
Background: Maintaining an adequate and safe Prevention Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV services and male partner’s involvement in PMTCT services are an issue of concern to local health planner especially with increase in population size and an increase in the number of medical facilities. Objectives: To describes whether methodological issues such as sample Characteristics, Outcome measures, and mechanisms causing change in the outcome measures could explain some of the inconsistent findings evident on. Methods: This review bases peer reviewed journal articles on “Assessment of Male partner’s involvement in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV and Associated Factors among Males in PMTCT services.” which are published between Sep, 2009 and February, 2015. Key words such as “Male partner”, “PMTCT”, “Male involvement”, “ANC”, “MTCT”, and “HIV” were used to search the articles from different websites. A total of 106 articles were obtained. Then titles, summary or abstract, and the whole body of each of the articles were checked for their relevance to be included in the analyses. Finally, a total of 19 articles were found to be eligible to be included in the analyses. In this regards, we searched databases of MEDLINE, Pub Med. Elsevier, Google, BMC, PMC, and Psych Info search Engines. Result: From 106 identified studies, 19 met the inclusion criteria. The majority of the studies 7 (37. 1%) identified the determinants of male partners’ involvement in maternal and child health activities, focusing specifically on HIV prevention of maternal to child transmission (PMTCT) in Africa. Most of the reviewed articles 6 (31. 6%) selected a minimum sample size of 100 (20%) participants However, five of the total reviewed articles (26. 3%) were selected the maximum sampled size of 500 participants. The study result reviewed studies sought to generalize from the mentioned articles by identifying a wide variety of male partner’s involvement in PMTCT services and associated factors in PMTCT in Africa. Conclusion: Many challenges to increase male involvement in PMTCT (1) enhance male participation in the process, the adherence rate of mothers towards PMTCT care and support was fair, highlight the male participation in PMTCT programs, and male partner involvement in ANC/PMTCT is low. Male partner’s involvement in PMTCT services is a well-accepted issue and has important positive outcomes on several of health discipline.
Keywords
Male Partner, PMTCT, Male Involvement, ANC, MTCT, HIV
To cite this article
Addis Adera, Mesfin Wudu, Yonas Yimam, Markos Kidane, Ambachew Woreta, Tigabu Molla, Assessment of Male Partner’s Involvement in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV and Associated Factors Among Males in PMTCT Services, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2015, pp. 221-231. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20150304.14
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