Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2015, Page: 239-247
Assessment of Factors Affecting Long acting of Family Planning Utilization in Adigrat Town, Tigray, North-East Ethiopia
Addis Adera Gebru, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia
Atsede Fantahun Areas, Department of Nursing, College of Health Science, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Kahsu Gebrekirstos Gebrekidan, Department of Nursing, College of Health Science, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Woldegebriel Gebregziabher Kahsay, Department of Nursing, College of health science, Adigrat, Tigray, Ethiopia
Weldegebral Gebru Tekle, Department of Nursing, College of Health Science, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Yefter Woldemicheal Hailu, Department of Nursing, College of Health Science, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Received: May 30, 2015;       Accepted: Jun. 16, 2015;       Published: Jul. 4, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20150304.16      View  4588      Downloads  170
Abstract
Back Ground: Family planning is a key to slowing unsustainable population growth and the resulting negative impacts on the economy, environment, and national and regional development efforts. Furthermore, the methods considered “long-acting” in this context are –Intera Uterine Devices and implants, vasectomy and female sterilization are considered “permanent family planning methods.” Pills, injectable, such as Depo-Provera are considered “short-acting family planning methods “because their lengths of action are only from 1 to 3 months. Objectives: To assess factors affecting of long acting family planning utilization in Adigrat town, Tigray, Ethiopia. Methods: A Community based cross-sectional study design was conducted, from August 27, 2014 -September, 15, 2014 at six kebele of Adigrat town. . A total of 130 women at age group between 15-49 years old who have used short acting and long acting family planning methods were involved in the study. The data’s were collected through structured pre-tested self-administered questionnaires. Data was edited, clearance an analyzed using SPSS version 16.0 statistical package. The findings of the study were summarized and presented using tables, descriptive measures and statistical diagrams. The P-value of <0.05 was used for significance of the study. Result: Out of the total respondent, 130(100%) were female. Majority of them 50(38.5%) were between 25-29 years old. shows that more than half of subjects 92(70.8%) had known their own HIV status. The result also indicated that the highest percentage of participants28 (21.56%), who are using inject able contraceptive, were at age between 25-29 years old. Followed by 12(9.2%) were used implant, 5(3.85%) were used IUCD. 5(3.85%) were used pills at age between 30-34 years old. Conclusion and recommendation: To motivate the using contraceptive and to clear the misconception about family planning the recruitment programs, and Health information communication training and motivation about purpose of Long acting family planning should be strengthen. It is recommended that can intensive family planning methods training and motivation program should be maintained this will allow people to be well informed turning the positive attitude of saving life through family planning to a regular practice and finally we would like to recommend the need to carry out more detailed study regarding long acting family planning.
Keywords
Family Planning, Long Acting, Contraceptive
To cite this article
Addis Adera Gebru, Atsede Fantahun Areas, Kahsu Gebrekirstos Gebrekidan, Woldegebriel Gebregziabher Kahsay, Weldegebral Gebru Tekle, Yefter Woldemicheal Hailu, Assessment of Factors Affecting Long acting of Family Planning Utilization in Adigrat Town, Tigray, North-East Ethiopia, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2015, pp. 239-247. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20150304.16
Reference
[1]
Takele, A., Degu, G., Yitayal,M(2012). Demand for long acting and permanent methods of contraceptives and factors for non-use among married women of Gobat own, Bale Zone, and Southeast Ethiopia. Reproductive Health, 9:26 http://www.reproductive-health-journal.com/content/9/1/26
[2]
EDHS (2011). Preliminary report, CSA and measure DHS ORC Macro, 2011.
[3]
World Population Data Sheet (2006). Retrieved by http://www.Population Reference Bureau. (Accessed in 2006. 2005 Washington, DC)
[4]
Hubacher, D., et al. (2007).Calculation based on methodology described in Contraceptive implants in Kenya: Current status and future prospects. Contraception 75(6):468–473.
[5]
Gebremariam,A .,Addissie,A(2014). Intention to use long acting and permanent contraceptive methods and factors affecting it among married women in Adigrat town, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Reproductive Health, 11:24 doi:10.1186/1742-4755-11-24
[6]
Mekonnen,G., Enquselassie,F., Tesfaye,G., Agumasie Semahegn,A(2014). Prevalence and factors affecting use of long acting and permanent contraceptive methods in Jinka town, Southern Ethiopia: a cross sectional study. The Pan African Medical Journal. 18:98. http://www.reproductive-health-journal.com/content/11/1/24
[7]
Alemayehu, M ., Belachew,T., Tilahun, T(2012). Factors associated with utilization of long acting and permanent contraceptive methods among married women of reproductive age in Mekelle town, Tigray region, north Ethiopia. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth ,12:6 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2393/12/6
[8]
Wakhisi, AS., Barrette,G., Reidpath,D(2012). Factors associated with use of long acting reversible contraceptives among young women in the UK. Opinions and lifestyle survey user meeting, London, 21st March, 2012.
[9]
Systematic Screening Tool; developed by Population Council and adapted for postpartum use by JHPIEGO under the ACCESS-FP project.
[10]
Finer, L.B., Jerman, J., Megan L. Kavanaugh, M.L (2012). Changes in use of long-acting contraceptive methods in the U.S., 2007–2009. j.fertnstert.98 (4):893-897. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.06.027.
[11]
EDHS(2005). Preliminary report, CSA and Measure DHS ORC Macro, 2005
[12]
Family Health International (2007). Ambaw Damtew Regional Program Manager Pathfinder International/ Ethiopia Mengistu A., Snake M.D., M.P.H.Deputy Country Representative .Pathfinder International/Ethiopia Developed and written by Jennifer Wilder Senior Technical Communications Advisor Pathfinder International http://www.fhi.org (Accessed December 2007).
[13]
Population growth rate http://www.about.com/gi/pages/patent. (Accessed on July 11, 2012).
[14]
Determinants of family planning http://www.who.int/ (Accessed in 2012).
[15]
Dr-Mengstu-Asnake http://www.Impatientoptimists.org/Authors/A/ (Accessed on December 01, 2011).
[16]
National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health Commissioned by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, http://www. (Accessed October 2005).
[17]
World population trends http//www.prob.org. (Published on July 2012).
[18]
Hailay Gebremichael, Fisaha Haile, Awrajaw Dessie, Alula Birhane, Mussie Alemayehu, Henock Yebyo. Acceptance of Long Acting Contraceptive Methods and Associated Factors among Women in Mekelle City, Northern Ethiopia. Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2014, pp. 349-355. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140204.27
[19]
Paul Kisia Malalu, Koskei Alfred, Robert Too, Amon Chirchir. Determinants of Use of Modern Family Planning Methods: A Case of Baringo North District, Kenya. Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 424-430. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140205.18
[20]
Badal Ahmed Hassan, Edinam K. Glover, Olavi Luukkanen, Ramni Jamnadass, Ben Chikamai. An Assessment of the Socio-Economic and Ecological Impacts of Environmental Changes on Rural Livelihood: A Study Across Addado, Buhodle and Northern Galkaayo of Central and Northern Somalia. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2014, pp. 279-291. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20140304.20
[21]
Chandhick N, Dhillon BS, Kambo I, Saxena NC(2003).Contraceptive knowledge, practices and utilization of services in the rural areas of India (an ICMR task force study). Indian J Med Sci 2003; 57:303.
[22]
Sarah Petters (2008). A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of the Department of Population and International Health Harvard School of Public Health in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Masters of Science Boston, Massachusetts (Accessed May, 2008).
[23]
Controlling the world population. http://www. Ten Commandments by Robert T.Lee (Accessed 2004-11).
[24]
Guinea-LAMPs-final Community Awareness of and Attitudes toward Long Acting and Permanent Contraception in Guinea http://www.rcog.org.uk (Accessed September 2006).
[25]
Long acting permanent contraception an international perspective. Volume 52, No. 4, http://www.fhi.org (Accessed July/August 2007).
[26]
Geography of Africa http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/category: (Accessed on Dcember1 2012).
[27]
Population in Sub-Saharan Africa http://www.wikipediafoundation.org/ (Accessed in December 2012.
Browse journals by subject