Volume 8, Issue 5, September 2020, Page: 84-88
Assessment of Intravenous Drugs Admixtures Incompatibilities at Nekemte Referral Hospital, West Ethiopia
Balisa Mosisa, School of Pharmacy, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Bokasa Negeri, School of Pharmacy, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Getu Bayisa, School of Pharmacy, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Edao Sado, School of Pharmacy, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Ginenus Fekadu, School of Pharmacy, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Mohammed Gebre, School of Pharmacy, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Busha Gamachu, School of Pharmacy, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Sagaram Sudhakar, School of Pharmacy, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Received: Sep. 28, 2020;       Accepted: Oct. 16, 2020;       Published: Oct. 23, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20200805.12      View  61      Downloads  38
Intravenous admixtures are the preparations consisting of sterile drug products added to an IV fluid (s) for medication purposes. Especial concerns are required for such drugs since the reversal of toxicity and/or unwanted effects following incompatibilities are cumbersome to deal with. Concern drugs that may cause irritation or toxicity when given as a rapid direct IV injection are also prepared as IV admixtures. The ultimate goal of this assessment was to figure out the actual practices on the ground in IV medications administered in NRH with IV fluids emphasizing on incidence and prevalence of incompatibility between drugs themselves or with IV fluids. This study was a cross-sectional prospective observational study which investigated the potential incompatibilities associated with IV admixture, & the incidence of IV drug administration errors using available evidence-based medicine sources at Nekemte Referral Hospital in West Ethiopia. The data was collected from patient medication Charts and prescription papers for patients treated within a period of 2 months. The study period was from February 2017 to April 2017 at the medical and pediatrics wards of NRH. About patients using IV admixtures were followed within this study period. The prevalence of identified incompatibility among IV admixtures ingredients was 28.94%. The identified compatibility was only 25.43%, while 38.59%were undocumented combinations, and 7.01% were variable. The most commonly encountered incompatible drug-solute combinations were Ringer lactate (61.8%), Insulin + DNS (29.4) and Ceftriaxone + Phenytoin + 0.9% NaCl (8.8%). Also, the incompatible drug-drug combinations detected in this study were Ceftriaxone+ heparin and clopidgrel+cimetidine combinations. Based on the findings of this study, the following can be concluded; there is a high prevalence of incompatibilities among IV admixtures. The types of incompatibilities were both drug-solute and drug-drug incompatibilities. Prescribers and administrators of IV admixtures were recommended to check plausibility before administration to prevent such incompatibilities which can compromise the treatment outcome of patients.
IV Admixtures, Incompatibilities, Intravenous, Drugs, Nekemte Referral Hospital
To cite this article
Balisa Mosisa, Bokasa Negeri, Getu Bayisa, Edao Sado, Ginenus Fekadu, Mohammed Gebre, Busha Gamachu, Sagaram Sudhakar, Assessment of Intravenous Drugs Admixtures Incompatibilities at Nekemte Referral Hospital, West Ethiopia, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2020, pp. 84-88. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20200805.12
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