Archive




Volume 8, Issue 5, September 2020, Page: 89-95
Amino Acid and Carbohydrate Profiles of Rhynchophorus phoenicis (the Larva of Raffia Palm Weevil)
Linda Nnenna Adobeze, Department of Applied Biochemistry, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria
Victor Henry Azubuike Enemor, Department of Applied Biochemistry, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria
Received: Apr. 6, 2020;       Accepted: Apr. 23, 2020;       Published: Oct. 26, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20200805.13      View  62      Downloads  34
Abstract
The amino acid and carbohydrate compositions of the larva of the raffia palm weevil were determined in this study. Nutritional components such as amino acid and carbohydrate analyses were carried out on the larva. In the larva, the amino acid profile of the protein and carbohydrate composition was determined using high performance liquid chromatography method. The amino acid composition reveals a total of 18 amino acids with glutamic acid (14.46g/100g) and aspartic acid (10.65g/100g) as the predominant amino acids. The amino acids have a total value of 96.06g/100g. The essential amino acids make up 53.08g/100g of the total amino acids. This value represents 55.26% of the total amino acid composition of the raffia palm weevil sample. The larva of the raffia palm weevil has high values of lysine (9.72g/100g), leucine (8.98g/100g) and arginine (6.55g/100g). The essential amino acids: lysine, leucine, isoleucine, threonine, valine, phenylalanine and tyrosine have higher values than the FAO/WHO/UNU reference values for the respective amino acids. The larva is rich in glucose (213.96mg/100g), fructose (42.47mg/100g), and sucrose (36.6mg/100g). The palm weevil larva represents a very good source of protein, a good complement of essential amino acids, and dietary energy.
Keywords
Larva, Protein, Amino Acid, Carbohydrate
To cite this article
Linda Nnenna Adobeze, Victor Henry Azubuike Enemor, Amino Acid and Carbohydrate Profiles of Rhynchophorus phoenicis (the Larva of Raffia Palm Weevil), American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2020, pp. 89-95. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20200805.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Opara, M. N., Sanyigha, F. T., Ogbuewu, I. P. and Okoli, I. C. (2012). Studies on the production trend and quality characteristics of palm grubs in the tropical rain forest zone of Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Technology; 8 (3): 851-860.
[2]
Köhler, R., Kariuki, L., Lambert, C. and Biesalski, H. K. (2019). Protein, amino acid and mineral composition of some edible insects from Thailand. J Asia Pac Entomol; 22: 372–378. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aspen.2019.02.002.
[3]
Köhler, R., Irias-Mata, A., Ramandey, E., Purwestri, R. and Biesalski, H. K. (2020). Nutrient composition of the Indonesian sago grub (Rhynchophorus bilineatus). International Journal of Tropical Insects Science.
[4]
De Foliart, G.(1992). A concise summary of the general nutritional value of insects. Http://www.food-insects.com/.InsectsasHumanFood.Htm.
[5]
Choon-Fah, J. B., Chin-Chin, E., Pang-Hung, Y. and Amarta lingam, R. (2008). Growth performance of the red-striped weevil Rhynchophorus Schach Oliv. (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on meridic diets. American Journal of Agriculture and Biological Science; 3: 402-409.
[6]
Ekrakene, T. and Igeleke C. L. (2007). Microbial isolates from the roasted larva of the palm weevil (Rhynchophorus phoenicis [Fabr.]) from Edo and Delta states of Nigeria. American Journal of Biology and Applied Science, 1: 763-768.
[7]
Ekpo, E. K. and Onigbinde O. A. (2005). Nutritional potentials of the larva of Rhynchophorus phoenicis (F). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition; 4 (5): 287-290.
[8]
American Chemical Society, (1980). Subcommitee on enviromental analytical chemistry. Guidelines for data acquisition and data quality evaluation in enviromental chemistry. Analytical Chemistry, 52: 2242-80.
[9]
Elkin, R. G. and Griffith, J. E. (1985). A mino acid analysis of feed stuffhy droly sates by cation exchange high performance liquid chromatography. Journal of Association of Official and Analytical Chemistry. 68 (5): 1028-32.
[10]
Anumula, K. R. (1994). Quantitative determination of monosac charidesingly coproteins by high-performance liquid chromatography with highly sensitive fluorescence detection. Analytical Biochemistry, 220: 275-283.
[11]
FAO,(1972). Amino acid content of food and biological data on proteins, Report of Food and Agriculture Organisation /United Nations Joint Committee, Rome, p116.
[12]
Romano, C., Corsetti, G., Flati, V., Pasini, E., Picca, A., Calvani, R., Marzetti, E. and Dioguardi, F. S. (2019). Influence of diets with varying essential/nonessential amino acid ratios on mouse lifespan. Nutrients 11.
[13]
Ogbuagu, M. N., Ohondu, I. and Nwigwe, C.(2011). Fatty acid and a mino acid profiles of the larva of raffia palm weevil: Rhynchophorus phoenicis. The Pacific Journal of Science and Technology; 12 (2).
[14]
FAO/WHO/UNU,(1991).“Protein Quality Evaluation.” Food and Agricultural organization of the United Nations: Rome, Italy.
[15]
Thangadurai, D.(2005). “Chemical Composition of and nutritional potential of Vignauguiculataspp. Cylidrica (Fabaceae).”Journal of Food Biochemistry. 28: 88-98.
Browse journals by subject