Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015, Page: 32-37
Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Nursing Ethics and Law among Nurses at Federal Medical Centre, Bida
Danjuma Aliyu, Department of Nursing Services, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria,Nigeria
Ibrahim Taiwo Adeleke, Department of Health Information, Federal Medical Centre, Bida,Nigeria; Centre for Health & Allied Researches, Bida, Nigeria; Health Informatics Research Initiatives in Nigeria, Bida, Nigeria
Sunday Oluwafemi Omoniyi, Department of Nursing Services, Federal Medical Centre, Bida, Nigeria
Balarabe Ayuba Samaila, Department of Nursing Services, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria,Nigeria
Aliyu Adamu, Niger State College of Nursing Sciences, Bida, Nigeria
Aisha Yahaya Abubakar, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Gusau, Nigeria
Received: Dec. 18, 2014;       Accepted: Dec. 19, 2014;       Published: Dec. 31, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajhr.s.2015030101.15      View  4249      Downloads  416
Abstract
It is universally acknowledged that nursing profession is guided by both ethic and legal principles as it is the tools for professional discipline which gives the nurse a broad idea of what is expected of her as she moves from the protective ambiance of school into the society. Social changes such as right to healthcare, increasing cost of healthcare and conflicting institutional policies create ethico-legal problems for the nurses. This study is a cross-sectional descriptive study designed to determine knowledge, attitude and practice of nursing ethics and law among nurses at Federal Medical Centre, Bida. A total of 149 questionnaires were administered using simple random sampling technique. The main findings of this study established that the participating nurses possess considerably good knowledge, attitude and practice of nursing ethics and law. Majority (82.6%) of the participants obtained knowledge about ethical dilemma mostly (36%) through seminar/workshops followed by those (31%) who knew about it right from their respective schools of training. Three factors of professional progression in this study; professional qualification (p=.015), years of experience (p=.000) and rank (p=.002) had noticeable effects on knowledge, attitude and practice of nursing ethics and law among the participants. Several options were identified by the participants as remedies to reduce the incidence of ethical and legal issues in their practice area. These include; periodic workshops, adherence to nursing code of ethics, utilization of hospital policy and personal development. Although participants differedon whether providers should adhere to patients' wish at all times,they possess good knowledge on nursing ethics and law. The overall results of the study suggested that there is need for nurses to understand the relationship and limitations between ethics, hospital policy and legal issues as they relate to nursing practice.
Keywords
Beneficence, Confidentiality, Dilemma, Nursing Code of Ethics, Nurse’s Ordinance, Nursing Practice Act, Ethico-Legal Issues in Nursing, Patient Safety
To cite this article
Danjuma Aliyu, Ibrahim Taiwo Adeleke, Sunday Oluwafemi Omoniyi, Balarabe Ayuba Samaila, Aliyu Adamu, Aisha Yahaya Abubakar, Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Nursing Ethics and Law among Nurses at Federal Medical Centre, Bida, American Journal of Health Research. Special Issue: Health Information Technology in Developing Nations: Challenges and Prospects Health Information Technology . Vol. 3, No. 1-1, 2015, pp. 32-37. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.s.2015030101.15
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