American Journal of Health Research

Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014

  • Longitudinal Changes in Uterine, Umbilical and Fetal MCA Doppler Indices in Late Onset Small Fetuses (Doppler in Small Fetuses)

    Abdelhassib Salah Abdelhassib Saad, Medhat Esam Eldeen Helmy, Ahmed Nabil Abdelhameed Eissa, Mohamed Momtaz Mohamed Awad, Hassan Mostafa Ismael Gahfar, Wael Gaber Elsyed El Damaty

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 222-228
    Received: Aug. 06, 2014
    Accepted: Aug. 23, 2014
    Published: Sep. 10, 2014
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    Abstract: Objectives: To determine the longitudinal trends and rates of conversion of normal to abnormal uterine (UtA), umbilical (UA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) Doppler velocimetry throughout the third trimester in late-onset small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses. Background: The finding of a small abdominal circumference should stimulate the sonogr... Show More
  • Prevalence and Risk Factors for Obesity in a Nigerian Obstetric Population

    Ajen Stephen Anzaku, Achara Amaechi Peter, Akaba Godwin Otuodichinma, Yakubu Emmanuel Nyam

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 229-233
    Received: Aug. 22, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 01, 2014
    Published: Sep. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: An obese pregnant woman is at increased risk of pregnancy complications with resultant adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study was undertaken to ascertain the magnitude of this nutritional disorder and its predictive factors among an obstetric population in Nigeria. Materials and methods: A descriptive study of pregnant women who registe... Show More
  • Determinants of None-Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy among HIV-Infected Adults in Arba Minch General Hospital, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia: A Case Control Study

    Belay Dagnaw Bitew, Yemane Berehane, Eskezyiaw Agedew Getahun, Direslgne Misker Abyu

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 234-240
    Received: Aug. 19, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 03, 2014
    Published: Sep. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: Non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy is a major challenge to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) care. For Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) to be effective, high level of adherence is required. In spite of this, there is no information on determinant none-adherence to antiretroviral therapy in the study area; therefore this study w... Show More
  • Knowledge Sharing Practice and its Associated Factors of Healthcare Professionals of Public Hospitals, Mekelle, Northern Ethiopia

    Teklit Gebretsadik, Gebremeskel Mirutse, Kidane Tadesse, Wondwossen Terefe

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 241-246
    Received: Aug. 20, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 05, 2014
    Published: Sep. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Knowledge is defined as human expertise, which is found in peoples mind and gained thorough experiences and interaction. Knowledge sharing is a social interaction culture, involving the exchange of employee knowledge and skills among colleagues within an organization. The main aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge sharing practice. Us... Show More
  • Prevalence and Determinant Factors of Intestinal Parasites among School Children in Arba Minch Town, Southern Ethiopia

    Desta Haftu, Negussie Deyessa, Eskzyiaw Agedew

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 247-254
    Received: Aug. 28, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 06, 2014
    Published: Sep. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Back ground: Intestinal parasitic infections are still quite common in developing countries including Ethiopia, particularly in children. They are mostly associated with unsafe and low quality of drinking water, poor personal and environmental sanitation. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinant factors of inte... Show More
  • Knowledge of Obstetric Danger Signs and its Associated Factors in Arba Minch Town, Ethiopia

    Yinager Workineh, Desta Hailu, Teklemariam Gultie, Nega Degefu, Minale Mihrete, Melese Shimeles, Melkamu Mahino, Mekides Guesh, Marta Alemu

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 255-259
    Received: Aug. 28, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 06, 2014
    Published: Sep. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: In many developing countries including Ethiopia, maternal morbidity and mortality still pose a substantial burden even if various programs are undertaken by public sectors as well as the non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Majority of maternal health sectors in developing countries consider knowledge of women about the obstetric dang... Show More
  • Sexual Initiation and Factors Associated with it among Addis Ababa University Undergraduate Students, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    Mulu Tilahun Yigzaw, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Alemayehu Bogale Mesfin, Agumasie Semahegn Demisie

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 260-270
    Received: Aug. 21, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 16, 2014
    Published: Sep. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: Early onset of sexual intercourse associate with increased lifetime prevalence of sexual partners that increase the risk of exposure to sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancy. Alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, or use of illicit drugs by youths associate with increased risks of sexual intercourse, multiple sexual ... Show More
  • Comparison of Kato-Katz and Formol-Ether Concentration Methods for the Diagnosis of Intestinal Helminthic Infections among School Children of Wonji Shoa Town, Eastern Ethiopia: A School Based Cross-Sectional Study

    Solomon Taye

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 271-274
    Received: Aug. 31, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 17, 2014
    Published: Sep. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: Intestinal helminthic infections are among the most common infections in the world and are responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis of these infections commonly relies on the detection of helminth egg or larvae in stool. The objective of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of kato-katz thick s... Show More
  • Quality of Life at Levels of Physical Activity of Volunteers from the University Community

    Erika Da Silva Maciel, Roberto Vilarta, Dênis Marcelo Modeneze, Jaqueline Girnos Sonati, Guanis Barros Vilela Junior, Marília Oetterer

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 275-283
    Received: Sep. 09, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 23, 2014
    Published: Sep. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: The objective of this research was to assess the quality of life of volunteers from the University of São Paulo at different levels of physical activity. To evaluate the quality of life perception, the WHOQOL-bref. Nutritional status was evaluated through the body mass index (BMI). The level of physical activity was measured using the International... Show More
  • Malaria Related Knowledge and Child to Parent Communication Regarding Prevention and Control of Malaria among Primary School Students in Jimma Zone, South West Ethiopia

    Yamrot Debela, Zewdie Birhanu, Yohannes Kebede

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 284-290
    Received: Sep. 02, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 17, 2014
    Published: Oct. 10, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: Malaria still imposes an enormous burden in terms of morbidity and loss of life. It is assumed that school based health education can help to promote community wide awareness and prevention of malaria. But, evidence is limited on the extent to which school children are equipped with appropriate and scientific information about malaria a... Show More
  • Prevalence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Associated Risk Factors in Prisons of Gamo Goffa Zone, South Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study

    Zerihun Zerdo, Girmay Medhin, Adane Worku, Gobena Ameni

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 291-297
    Received: Sep. 21, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 27, 2014
    Published: Oct. 10, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: There is limited information regarding tuberculosis (TB) in prisons in Ethiopia. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in prisons and assess associated risk factors among inmates suspected for pulmonary tuberculosis in Gamo Goffa Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sec... Show More
  • Statistical Modelling for Risk Factors of High Blood Pressure in Women

    Muhammad Akbar Ali Shah, Shakila Khanum, Huma Qasim

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 298-302
    Received: Sep. 15, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 29, 2014
    Published: Oct. 10, 2014
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    Abstract: The main objective of the study is to find out the risk factors of high blood pressure among women. A cross sectional survey was conducted at the public and private hospitals of Southern Punjab, Pakistan. Saturation sampling technique was utilized to gather information. SPSS version 21 was used for statistical analysis. Results showed that the risk... Show More
  • Prevalence and Predictors of Dyslipidemia on HAART and HAART Naive HIV Positive Persons in Defense Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    Habtamu Wondiferaw Bayenes, Mehidi Kassim Ahmed, Tilahun Yemane Shenkute, Yaregal Asres Ayenew, Lealem Gedefaw Bimerew

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 303-309
    Received: Sep. 18, 2014
    Accepted: Oct. 05, 2014
    Published: Oct. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has led to a marked reduction in Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) related morbidity and mortality. However, HAART has been reported to be associated with a number of side effects in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive persons among which dyslipidemia and ... Show More
  • Body Mass Index Influences the Age at Menarche and Duration of Menstrual Cycle

    Sonia Izoduwa Osayande, Janet Ogochukwu Ozoene, Emmanuel Amabebe

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 310-315
    Received: Sep. 26, 2014
    Accepted: Oct. 07, 2014
    Published: Oct. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: The changing trends in the prevalence of childhood obesity, early puberty and menarche, and ethnoracial differences in the effect of BMI on the reproductive characteristics of young females around the world, warrants continuous evaluation. Hence, this study aims to investigate possible variations in the influence of BMI on the age at menarche as we... Show More
  • Primary Nasal Tuberculosis: Case Report

    Nalan Alev Canbolat, Erkan Tezcan, Serdar Yanık, Ayse Neslin Akkoca, Zeynep Tugba Ozdemir, Aysegul Kaynar, Ebru Tastekin

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 316-318
    Received: Sep. 24, 2014
    Accepted: Oct. 09, 2014
    Published: Oct. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that can exist in all organs and tissues. Although pulmonary TB is a more common form, extrapulmonary tuberculosis ( EPT) is still a major clinical problem. A fifty-four years old female patient attended with a complaint of a wound causing crusting and occasionally bleeding for 5 months , with no response ... Show More
  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of Iron Deficiency Anemia among Children in Yemen

    Ebtesam Mahdi Al-Zabedi, Fahme Abdulkalk Kaid, Hany Sady, Abdulelah Hussein Al-Adhroey, Adel Ali Amran, Mohamed Taha Al-Maktari

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014
    Pages: 319-326
    Received: Sep. 28, 2014
    Accepted: Oct. 09, 2014
    Published: Oct. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common nutritional anemia and considered a major public health problem worldwide. This cross-sectional study was carried out to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of IDA among 187 children aged below 15 years from rural areas in Yemen. Clinical data was collected by measuring hemoglobin level (Hb), ... Show More