American Journal of Health Research

Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015

  • The Rate of Anti-Chlamydia Pneumoniae IgG and IgA Antibodies Among Patients With Coronary Heart Diseases in Diyala Province, Iraq

    Abbas Abood Al-Duliami, Asmaa Haseeb Hwaid, Fatin Ali Al-Chalabi

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015
    Pages: 121-124
    Received: Mar. 25, 2015
    Accepted: Apr. 07, 2015
    Published: Apr. 17, 2015
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Background: Chlamydia pneumoniae is found worldwide, it causes acute respiratory infection, especially atypical pneumonia. High prevalence of past infection with Ch. pneumoniae have been found in developing countries that may has a role in pathogenesis of coronary heart disease. Objective: The present study was sought todetermined the rate of anti-... Show More
  • A Malaria Outbreak in Ameya Woreda, South-West Shoa, Oromia, Ethiopia, 2012: Weaknesses in Disease Control, Important Risk Factors

    Gemechu Beffa Defi, Ayele Belachew, Adamu Addissie, Zegeye Hailemariam

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015
    Pages: 125-129
    Received: Mar. 31, 2015
    Accepted: Apr. 07, 2015
    Published: Apr. 18, 2015
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Malaria is endemic in Ethiopia but regional health bureaus have set goals for elimination of the disease through the implementation of aggressive malaria control and eradication measures. In May 2012 an increased number of malaria cases were reported from Ameyaworeda, South-West Shoa, Ethiopia, which previously had been targeted for elimination. We... Show More
  • Factors Determining Health Institutional Delivery Among Pregnant Women Living in Agarfa Town of Bale Zone, Oromia, South East Ethiopia

    Tomas Benti Tefera, Kemal Ahmed Kuti

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015
    Pages: 130-134
    Received: Mar. 17, 2015
    Accepted: Mar. 29, 2015
    Published: Apr. 18, 2015
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Background: About 800 women die from pregnancy- or childbirth-related complications around the world every day. In 2013, 289 000 women died during and following pregnancy and childbirth. Almost all of these deaths occurred in low-resource settings. According to the latest estimate maternal mortality ratio in Ethiopia was 420/100,000 live births in ... Show More
  • Serum Mannose Binding Lectin Levels in Early Onset Neonatal Sepsis

    Andi Risko Amalia, Ema Alasiry, Dasril Daud

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015
    Pages: 135-139
    Received: Apr. 09, 2015
    Accepted: Apr. 14, 2015
    Published: Apr. 24, 2015
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Introduction: Early Onset Neonatal Sepsis (EONS) is still the most cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis is difficult to establish because of nonspecific clinical features and laboratory findings. Mannose binding lectin (MBL) is one of the acute phase proteins that can show progressing infection process. Objective: To determine t... Show More
  • Anatomical Variants in Frontal Recess Region and their Impact on Frontal Sinus Surgery in Chronic Sinusitis

    Omer Abd El-Moneim El-Banhawy, Adel Tharwat Atalla, Mohamed Ramadan El-Kholy, Ahmed Abd El-Halim Mohammed, Ahmed El-Mohamedy El-Neily

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015
    Pages: 140-145
    Received: Apr. 03, 2015
    Accepted: Apr. 14, 2015
    Published: Apr. 27, 2015
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Objective: To study the prevalence of anatomical variants in frontal recess region and their impact on frontal sinus surgery. Setting: University referral center. Patients and Methods: This was a clinical trial prospective study approved by Menoufia University research ethics board (REB) and included 50 Egyptian patients selected from the ENT depar... Show More
  • Prognostic Factor of Ureum and Creatinine Serum of Acute Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis in Children

    Ahmad Hadiwijaya, Husein Albar, Syarifuddin Rauf, Dasril Daud

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015
    Pages: 151-155
    Received: Apr. 08, 2015
    Accepted: Apr. 18, 2015
    Published: Apr. 29, 2015
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Introduction: Acute post streptococcal glomerulonephritis is one of the commonest causes of glomerular disease in developing countries. Ureum and creatinine examination not only can be used to support the diagnosis but also to identify and detect early organs disturbances and predict the patient prognosis. Objective: This study aims to observe the ... Show More
  • Relationship Between Seizures in Children with Maternal Anxious Levels at Pediatrics Intensive Care Unit

    Mahirina Marjani, Martira Maddeppungeng, Idham Jaya Ganda, Dasril Daud

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015
    Pages: 156-160
    Received: Apr. 16, 2015
    Accepted: Apr. 22, 2015
    Published: May 06, 2015
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Introduction: Seizure is an emergency condition that makes mother or the care taker being anxious. The anxious of parents frequently denied where as psychological problems both acute and chronic could be happened intervention as a holistic approach to the patient and her family. Objective: To analize the correlation between seizure in children hosp... Show More
  • Incidence and Clinical Characteristics of Congenital Heart Disease among Neonates in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

    Ufuk Kursat Korkmaz, Esra Akyuz Ozkan, Ayse Neslin Akkoca, Ebru Sivaslioglu

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015
    Pages: 161-165
    Received: Apr. 14, 2015
    Accepted: Apr. 29, 2015
    Published: May 11, 2015
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Background: Congenital heart diseases affect a large number of newborns and account for a high proportion of infant mortality worldwide. There are regional differences in the prevalence and distribution pattern of congenital heart diseases. We aimed to evaluate the relative frequencies, risk factors and diagnostic clues of congenital heart disease ... Show More
  • Effect of Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound on Quality of Life of Knee Osteoarthritis

    Joudy Gessal, Irawan Yusuf, Ilhamjaya Patellongi, Gatot Lawrence

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015
    Pages: 166-169
    Received: Dec. 21, 2014
    Accepted: Apr. 24, 2015
    Published: May 12, 2015
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Background: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disease worldwide and causes disability in elderly. Recent studies showed that therapeutic ultrasound (US) can reduced pain in various musculoskeletal disorders. Objective: To determined the effect of low-intensity pulsed US on quality of life and reduction of pain in grade 1 to 3 knee OA. Material a... Show More
  • Status of Soil-Transmitted Helminths Infection in Ethiopia

    Fikresilasie Samuel

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015
    Pages: 170-176
    Received: Apr. 15, 2015
    Accepted: May 05, 2015
    Published: May 19, 2015
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Soil-transmitted helminth infections are among the most common infections worldwide and affect the poorest and most deprived communities. The three major soil-transmitted helminths (STHs), i.e., Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and Necator americanus/Ancylostoma duodenale are among the most widespread parasites worldwide. It is estimated t... Show More
  • Perception of Rural People About Persons with Physical Disability: The Case of Yorogo-Yipala Community

    Fiasorgbor A. Doris, Ayagiyire Theresa

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015
    Pages: 177-182
    Received: Apr. 16, 2015
    Accepted: May 01, 2015
    Published: May 21, 2015
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Disability is often perceived negatively perhaps due to ignorance and some prevailing socio-cultural beliefs as well as economic factors. The challenges facing people with disabilities (PWDs), therefore, are varied and could be in the form of violation of human rights, poverty, stigma, discrimination and exclusion. Disability is closely associated ... Show More
  • Prevalence of Toxoplasmosis in HIV/AIDS Patients in Mettu Karl Hospital

    Kasim Mohammed Yesuf, Zinabu Teka Melese

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015
    Pages: 183-188
    Received: Apr. 23, 2015
    Accepted: May 11, 2015
    Published: May 21, 2015
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Toxoplasma gondiiis food and waterborne opportunistic pathogen that causes severe disease in immunocompromised patients. It is caused by an obligatory intracellular protozoon. It causes a wide range of diseases with toxoplasma encephalitis commonly encountered in HIV/AIDS patients. It has been estimated that one-third of the human population is inf... Show More
  • Do traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) Have a Role in the Prevention of Neonatal Tetanus

    Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, Abdullahi Hamisu Walla, Usman Saidu Adamu

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015
    Pages: 189-193
    Received: May 08, 2015
    Accepted: May 15, 2015
    Published: May 26, 2015
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Background: In spite of the significant achievement of the global NNT elimination campaign and with the deadline set at 2015, NNT is still among the leading causes of death in 25 developing countries. Additionally, the sub-Saharan African region still has the lowest coverage of Antenatal care services and hospital deliveries. Study Design: Retrospe... Show More
  • Evaluation of QTc Value and Relation between QTc Interval and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Obese Children

    Esra Akyuz Ozkan, Hashem E. Khosroshahi, Halil Ibrahim Serin, Zeynep Tuba Ozdemir, Mahmut Kilic, U. Aliye Gecit, Meral Ekim

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2015
    Pages: 194-197
    Received: May 11, 2015
    Accepted: May 15, 2015
    Published: May 26, 2015
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Background: Obesity has a risk factor for sudden cardiac death, because of the tendency to develop arrhythmias. Delay in cardiac repolarization is reflected as QTc prolongation on electrocardiogram. The aim of this study was to investigate QTc interval in obese children and assess the relation between cardiac risk factors and QTc interval. Material... Show More